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Eingriffliger Weißdorn (Crataegus monogyna) - HSBaum
Eingriffliger Weißdorn (Crataegus monogyna) - HSBaum
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Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)


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Characteristics

The single-fluted hawthorn is also called hawthorn. The botanical species name is Crataegus monogyna. It can reach heights of growth of 2-6 meters. In rare cases, heights of up to 12 meters are possible. Crataegus monogyna is characterized by its dark brown bark and branches with strong thorns through its spherical and dense growth.

Pollination and foliage

Crataegus monogyna is monoecious and is pollinated by insects. The bees in particular are responsible for this. The single-fluted hawthorn is bare in winter. It is therefore a deciduous plant. The leaves can be characterized by their comparatively simple leaf structure and the lobed leaf margin. The flowers are characterized by the hidden nectar and delight the viewer in May and June with their splendor. These are so-called disc flowers.

Soil condition

The single-corrugated hawthorn shows no significant problems with rather suboptimal soils. With a clay and chalky soil you can still give Crataegus monogyna a real pleasure. However, locations with salty soils should be avoided if possible.

Provenance

Crataegus monogyna has made a name for itself in Europe as the most common hawthorn species. However, it also grows in the Middle East. Northern stocks of the single-fluted hawthorn can be distinguished from plants from more southern regions by a more hairy calyx. The southern border of Schleswig-Holstein can be defined as the vegetation boundary.

Uses

In times of scarcity, the apple-like fruits of the single-fluted hawthorn were also eaten by humans. Today it is used as a nutrient wood for many animals. An important example is the throttle. Nevertheless, Crataegus monogyna is still of great importance to humans due to its healing powers. The single-corrugated hawthorn is used in the pharmaceutical industry as the basis for numerous preparations.