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Kultur-Birne Wildbirne (Pyrus communis) - HSBaum

European pear (Pyrus communis)

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The culture pear is also simply called a pear tree. The botanical species name is Pyrus communis. It can grow to heights of 3-20 meters. The gray-brown bark can be defined as a characteristic of the pear tree in addition to the branches, which are shiny in gray.

Pollination and foliage

Pyrus communis is monoecious. Pollination takes place with the cultivated pear of course with the help of the insects. The white flowers bloom in April and May. The egg-shaped leaves have a serrated edge and are arranged alternately. The cultivated pear is a deciduous plant.

Soil condition

Pyrus communis is happy about sandy to loamy soils with a high content of nutrients and lime. A weakly acidic to alkaline pH value is also gratefully accepted. The cultivated pear can also be defined as an extremely hardy plant and should therefore easily accept locations with cold winter months.The wild pear prefers a sunny to partially shaded location.


The cultivated pear can be defined as a cultivated plant. It arose from the hybridization of several species. The original species come from the European continent and the West Asian area.


Everyone can enjoy the taste of the edible fruits. Therefore, in addition to the agricultural use of Pyrus communis, its use as a garden plant is also up for discussion. There the cultivated pear can also be useful as a bird feeder. A use as a wild wood should also be considered due to these advantages. Pyrus communis can also convince with a particularly magnificent trunk.In addition to the ecological factor, this also makes them interesting for economic use, because the wood of the cultivated pear is ideally suited for use as a work material.