The horse chestnut presents itself as a deciduous large tree, because it can reach a height of up to 30m when it grows. The tree is very fast growing when young. When old, the tree develops a short trunk with a broad crown. The shoots are brownish-gray and smooth. The horse chestnut can be used as a solitary position. In many places it is also used in the tree-lined avenue.
It prefers fresh to moist soils, plus a shady to partially shaded location. In doing so, she must not do without light. Soils rich in bases and nitrogen are preferred.
- Height: 30 m high
- Crown: round-crowned tree
- Trunk: diameter up to 1m
- Root: shallow root
- Flower / fruits: flower color yellow / brownish. The Norway maple is unisexual or hermaphrodite, both forms occur side by side. Greenish nut fruits have propeller-like fruit wings and are spread by wind. Flowering period April-May.
- Leaves / needles: The leaves are composed like fingers. The color of the leaves varies from top to bottom. Above the leaves are faintly shiny green and beneath felty light green, greyish. Thick, sticky, brown terminal buds are of high ornamental value.